WHAT A SPEECH/LANGUAGE PATHOLOGIST DOES…
A Speech/Language Pathologist (SLP) plans, implements and directs programs for children who have communication disabilities. In order to receive SLP services, a student must first be qualified as disabled, and must be eligible to receive special education services.
Speech and Language Services Include…
1. Identifying communication problems through referral and screening.
2. Assessing and diagnosing communicative needs and behaviors.
3. Implementing intervention based on individualized student goals.
4. Reassessing and evaluating progress in achieving goals and objectives.
5. Helping parents understand, prevent, and remediate communication problems.
6. Working with school staff and other professionals to meet the communicative needs of children.
Communication May Be Affected By…
• interruptions in the flow or rhythm of speech characterized by hesitations, repetitions, or prolongations of sounds, syllables, words, or phrases.
• difficulties with the way sounds are formed and strung together; usually characterized by substituting, omitting, and distorting sounds.
• inappropriate pitch (too high, too low, changing or interrupted by breaks); loudness (too loud or not loud enough); or quality (harsh, hoarse, breathy or nasal)
• marked slowness in the development of language skills necessary for expressing and understanding thoughts and ideas.
• an inability to hear language loudly or clearly enough to understand and use speech normally.
You Probably Should Be Concerned If Your Child…
• Has speech and/or language different from others of the same age so that it attracts unfavorable attention.
o isn’t understood by others outside of the immediate family
o began talking very late
o has unpleasant voice quality
• Is difficult to understand.
o has difficulty saying speech sounds
o has difficulty describing or explaining an experience
o seldom talks
• Avoids communication with others because of self-consciousness about speech, hearing and/or language ability.
o is teased by other children about his/her communication
o beaks or repeats sound in words
o hesitates or avoids talking
• Appears to have difficulty hearing or understanding speech.
o has difficulty following directions.
o has a history of ear infections
If you have any concerns about your child’s speech, language or hearing, call the SLP at your local school.
VISUAL IMPAIRMENTS/BLINDNESS RELATED SERVICES
Students with significant visual impairments are typically serviced in their neighborhood schools with resource assistance. A teacher of the visually impaired supports the team at the school. Services provided include instruction in Braille, alternative technologies, and mobility. In some cases, visually impaired students may be placed in schools for the visually impaired. Identification of those students is through special education evaluation and IEP team consensus.
HEARING IMPAIRMENT RELATED SERVICES
Some students with hearing impairments may be appropriately served in their neighborhood schools while others may need more specialized services beyond the district’s capacity to deliver. In those cases, services may be provided through an Exeter Township School District contract with another local school district or outside agency. Instructional levels (e.g. signing ability, social, communication, and academic skills) and appropriate placement will be identified through the special education evaluation and IEP team consensus.
*** Please visit the Parent Tips and Resources page for an extensive list of helpful Speech and/or Language Websites ***